HF Systems
FORECAST SOL: Moderate yellow MAG: Moderate yellow ION: Normal green
HomeHF SystemsGlobal HFFadeout ChartsCurrent HF Fadeout Monday, Dec 05 2016 14:30 UT
Global HF

Current HF Fadeout

Current HF Fadeout Warning icon
Current HF Fadeout Warning World map

During a solar flare, increased ionisation in the D-layer of the ionosphere can result in reduced signal strengths for HF circuits which are reflected by the ionosphere on the sunlit hemisphere of the earth. This is known as a short-wave fadeout.

The map above shows the absorption limited frequency (ALF) - the lowest frequency able to propagate - for HF circuits typically 1500 km in length. To use the plot, work out the approximate location where your circuit is being reflected by the ionosphere and estimate the value of the ALF from the contours. If the frequency you wish to use is lower than this value then communication is unlikely; if it is higher than the ALF then communication is still possible.

For short circuits compared with 1500 km, the ALF values from the map are likely to be too high and communications will still be possible for slightly lower frequencies. For much longer circuits, slightly higher frequencies than the suggested ALF can still be affected by the fadeout.

These plots are updated every five minutes using X-ray information supplied by the US Space Environment Center. A plot of solar X-ray fluxes for the last three days is provided in the GOES X-ray flux page from the US Space Weather Prediction Center in Boulder.

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