FORECAST SOL: Normal green MAG: Normal green ION: Normal green
SDO solar image - 211 angstroms - Courtesy of NASA/SDO and the AIA, EVE, and HMI science teams.
satellite
radio propagation
Today's Space Weather
Monday 16 July
last updated 15/2323 UT
Solar activity was very low today (UT day 15 July). Very low levels of solar activity may be expected for the next three days (UT days 16 to 18 July). Geomagnetic activity was quiet across the Aus region today. Mostly quiet levels of geomagnetic activity may be expected for the next three days with some possibility of isolated unsettled conditions on UT day 16 July. Mostly normal HF conditions were observed today with periods of minor to mild MUF enhancements in some mid- and high-latitude regions. Mostly normal HF conditions may be expected for the next three days with the possibility of slight MUF depressions and degradations in HF conditions on UT day 16 July.
What is Space Weather ?

Impacts on Critical Infrastructure.

Space weather refers to changes in the space environment, particularly the region between the Earth and Sun. The "solar wind" from the Sun stream past the Earth and is mostly deflected by the Earth's magnetic field, but variations in the solar wind cause changes in the Earth's magnetic field.

solar prominence

Occasionally, a huge release of magnetic energy, called a solar flare, occurs on the Sun. Flares can produce large quantities of x-rays which affect the Earth's atmosphere. They can also accelerate atomic particles (mostly protons) to very high speeds (a substantial fraction of the speed of light!). These high energy particles are dangerous to man and can reach the stratosphere where jetliners fly.

Most aspects of space weather affect us to some extent. The more our society becomes dependent on technology and the more we utilise space, the more we are affected by space weather. Some aspects of space weather are benevolent, and allow activities not otherwise possible such as long range radio communications. Some aspects are benign but fascinating such as the Aurora, and some are malevolent. Like terrestrial weather, it sometimes depends on the situation and the event.

The image below is an artists impression of the solar wind interacting with the Earth's magnetic field.

Solar wind
Closeup of a sunspot showing convection cells.
What's Inside