FORECAST SOL: Normal green MAG: Moderate yellow ION: Moderate yellow
SDO solar image - 1700 angstroms - Courtesy of NASA/SDO and the AIA, EVE, and HMI science teams.
radio propagation
Today's Space Weather
Wednesday 18 January
last updated 17/2355 UT
Very low to low solar flare activity is expected on 18-Jan. The solar wind is light and geomagnetic conditions are currently at quiet levels. High speed winds from a mid-latitude coronal hole are expected to arrive later today, 18-Jan, which could produce active geomagnetic conditions with minor storm periods. High-frequency radio communications at low to mid latitudes may experience moderate depressions in maximum useable frequencies and periods with poor propagation conditions. Auroras may be visible on the local nights of 18 and 19 January in Tasmania and possibly the coastline of Victoria.
What is Space Weather ?

Space weather refers to changes in the space environment, particularly the region between the Earth and Sun. The "solar wind" from the Sun stream past the Earth and is mostly deflected by the Earth's magnetic field, but variations in the solar wind cause changes in the Earth's magnetic field.

solar prominence

Occasionally, a huge release of magnetic energy, called a solar flare, occurs on the Sun. Flares can produce large quantities of x-rays which affect the Earth's atmosphere. They can also accelerate atomic particles (mostly protons) to very high speeds (a substantial fraction of the speed of light!). These high energy particles are dangerous to man and can reach the stratosphere where jetliners fly.

Most aspects of space weather affect us to some extent. The more our society becomes dependent on technology and the more we utilise space, the more we are affected by space weather. Some aspects of space weather are benevolent, and allow activities not otherwise possible such as long range radio communications. Some aspects are benign but fascinating such as the Aurora, and some are malevolent. Like terrestrial weather, it sometimes depends on the situation and the event.

The image below is an artists impression of the solar wind interacting with the Earth's magnetic field.

Solar wind
Aurora Australis as seen from the International Space Station, with the port wing of space shuttle Atlantis, and segment of a boom sensor system attached to the shuttle's robotic arm.
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